Author: Rayon Edwards
Due Date: July 26, 2022
Published Date: July 26, 2022
Buyer Persona: ClassifiedWater Pollution Fact Sheet. (2022). J.T.C & N.E.P.A Training: Environmental Science in the N.S.C: week 2 notes [Fact Sheet.pdf].Google Classroom.https://drive.google.com/file/d/1YSE3ag01DNJMX_uKkoGkcUOkwfn1iacQ/view?usp=drive_web&authuser=0
Water pollution has effects on human beings; that needs prevention to increase the climatic impact.
Many persons may ask what are the main types of water pollution and how they are classified in to chemical, biological and physical pollutants but is that what really is happening out in the ecosystem as we speak. New species are shaped, people change and new chemicals are formed or created base on the mixture of gases in the air. Therefor; the periodic table cannot be the same. Changes are being made in our habitat and simple facts and opinions can seem to be a fallacy if unsurely meets optimism especially if you move something from the environment without putting it back exactly has it was.
Since water forms a core of the existence of human and other living things, its preservation and sustainable availability of clean water is greatly threatened by various human activities and of interest is pollution which in turn affects the ecosystem and causes various climatic changes.
The essence of water pollution promote environmental sustainability. Chemical pollutants are water-soluble substances. Chemical substances can enter water sources through natural processes such as the leaching of materials from soil, rocks, and mineral deposits. Organic and inorganic chemical pollutants.
Water pollution may pose serious threat to the environments as well as lives. Pollutant effects may very depend on their types and sources. Heavy metals top the list of inorganic pollutant with wide range of negative effects on aquatic organisms, plant, and human. heavy metals are released into the environment via different routes such as industries, mining activities, agricultural activities. Bioavailable metals present in the soil may be absorbed by plants resulting in serious plant metabolism dysfunction hence why our plants are drying up and forming is becoming difficult to reap positive results. The effects of heavy metal toxicity on human ranges from mild eye, nose and skin irritations through severe headache, stomach ache, diarrhea, hematemesis, vomiting, dizziness to organ dysfunction such as cirrhosis, necrosis, low blood pressures, and hypertension. Many physiological disorders may accompany crustaceans. Exposure of crustaceans to heavy metals may also result in loss of appetite for food and subsequently body weight loss. Continuous exposure may reduce reproduction in adults as well as hamper the growth larvae. Organic pollutants are very wide in variety with a huge range of toxicity. among the list of organic pollutants that has been of great threat to aquatic organisms, plants, and humans are dyes, plants and animal and petroleum organic pollutant.
Microbial pollution have been reported to be present in sediments of ocean Volterra et al. (1985)
Chemistry of water, controls distribution of the fishes in waterbodies as studied by Shieh et al. (1999) Multidimensional effects of environmental pollution was studied by Pritchard (1985). impact of bathing water quality on heath was studies by Stevenson (1953).
The continuation of life directly or indirectly is through the need of water. water is one important part of our day to day activities and their preservation can never be overemphasized. Three quarter of the fluid in man is made of water and it forms the essential medium in which the biochemical reactions take place in human body. water is a good solvent, moves blood around the body but the availability of fresh water is unevenly distributed and greatly threatened where available due to problems associated with climate change, insufficient water management and pollution. Effective wastewater treatment has been earlier identified a way of protecting the water environment with detailed discussion of effective, cheap, and accessible method of waste water treatment. various environmental policies stipulating discharge protocols exists and not properly executed because they may damage business like the sewage installment in constant spring road Kingston Jamaica. Drinking water supplied to our communities is usually sources from rivers, springs, and underground sources.
The demands fuel expectation for remediation microbial and salvaging the aquatic environment through the perspective of water pollution. Sewage can be defined as used water draining out of homes and industries that contain a wide range of debris, chemicals, and microorganisms. Such water is regarded as potential health hazard to consumers or the users of other sort. a major kind of hazard is the presence of pathogenic organisms in such water. Still the main three types of pollution identified in the images are: Water pollution; Air pollution and Soil Contamination. Therefor; we can say that pollution is the process of making land, water, air or other parts of the environment dirty and not safe or suitable to use.
To prevent air pollution, factures or manufactures can use wet scrubbers and other mitigation technologies, switch to renewable energy, switch to electric vehicles in the supply chain and choose cleaner, non-toxic raw materials and Use predictive analytics for more efficient enterprise planning.
Water pollution can be prevented by picking up litter and throw it away in a garbage can, blow or sweep fertilizer back onto the grass if it gets onto pave areas, mulch or compost grass or yard waste, wash your car or outdoor equipment where it can flow to a gravel or grassy area instead of a street, do not pour your motor oil down the storm drain and never clean up a spill by hosting it into a storm drain. It is recommended to raise awareness about water and its importance and constant monitoring of the water systems and water quality is needed to be done to record any challenges. (Hall, J.F.,& zumdahl, S.S, 1993)
Soil pollution can be prevented by getting a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline, Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Strictly control the pollution of new soil, ensure proper investigation of reclaimed land, proper solid waste treatment and proper management of agricultural land and the practice of organic framing. Soil pollution refers to the presence of a chemical or substance out of place and / or present at a higher than normal concentration that has adverse effects on any non-targeted organism (FAO and ITPS, 2005). Industrialization, war, mining and intensification in agriculture have left a legacy of contaminated soils around the world ( Bund schuh et al.2012; DEA; EEA, 2014: Luo et al., 2009:SSR, 2010)
Monitoring the water distribution system’s; monitor water for each of these pathogens may not be possible but detection of fecal contamination is an easier way of spotting contamination is an easier way of spotting contamination. Microbial contamination of water can be detected by checking for certain organisms including heterophil bacteria, coliforms, and coli in such samples.. Control of pathogens in water is important to prevent water born diseases; this can be effectively done using multiple barrier approach. The lagoon treatment is long-detention time basins; but unlike activated sludge processes, they do not use solid recycle. Since coliform bacteria are often detected in drinking water and often, the source of contamination is not known, it is important to put in place control measures. The water distribution systems must be considered because water quality deterioration. several disinfection of water like modern method of water purification have been well embraced in our society today.
The water pollution and climate change cannot be over emphasized. All organicism including man need water for their survival. water resources managers had strongly depended on wastewater treatment in ensuring that quality of water is sustained, preserved and maintained for optimal use. IN other to get a good grasp of what climate change is , it may be better to first define climate. Climate is usually narrowly defined as the average weather, or broadly as the statistical description in terms of the average and variability of relevant parameters or quantities of interest over a period of time. Climate change, on the other hand , often referred to as global warming, is the rise in the average temperature on the earths surface. Observational records and climate projections provides abundant evidence that freshwater resources are vulnerable and have the potential to be strongly impacted by climate change, with wide-ranging consequences for human societies and ecosystems. Human activities affects weather, climate and the environment and not “where does water pollution go”
- Arnell NW, Charlton MB, Lowe JA. The effect of climate policy on the impacts of climate change o river flows in the UK. Journal of Hydrology.2014;510:424435.Https//dx.doi.o rg/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.12.046
2.Bundschuh, J., Litter, M.I., Parvez, F., Román-Ross, G., Nicolli, H.B., Jean, J.-S., Liu, C.-W., López, D., Armienta, M.A., Guilherme, L.R.G., Cuevas, A.G., Cornejo, L., Cumbal, L. & Toujaguez,R. 2012. One century of arsenic exposure in Latin America: a review of history and occurrence from 14 countries. The Science of the Total Environment, 429: 2–35. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.06.02
3.Hall, J.F.,& zumdahl, S.S. (1993). Complete solutions guide for introductory.Chemistry: Zumdahl. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath ISBN-10:978-1-133-61109-7 ISBN-101-133-61109-5
- Stevenson, A. H. (1953). Studies of Bathing Water Quality and Heath. am. J. Public Heath Nations Heath 43 (5 Pt 1), 529-538. doi:10.2105/ajph.43.5_pt_1.529
Water Pollution Assignment
Choose one of the following assessments to complete. Upload to the classroom for discussion.
- Record an activity that is affecting water resources in your community. Identify the issue and
list two steps to mitigate that issue.
- Look at the pictures below and identify three types of pollutants. What can be done to stop
these pollutants from being here?